NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This agency is located in United States of America and is responsible for all kinds of space programs and research in the aerospace and aeronautics field. The mission statement of National Aeronautics and Space Administration is to probe the future and explore space and make new discoveries in the field of aerospace. NASA has undertaken many events to explore space like the Apollo moon landing mission, Space Shuttle and Skylab Space station. It came into operations on 1st October in the year 1958 after replacing National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. NASA has developed an Earth Observing System to understand Earth in a better manner. NASA has been exploring bodies in the Solar system. For this effort it has undertaken mission like Great Observation, New Horizons, Big Bang and many other programs.
NASA shares its researches and data with a number of national and international organizations who seek interest in such information. NASA has undertaken many missions to probe into the heavenly bodies that exist near the surface of Earth. Some of these missions include Mariner program which was designed to investigate the planets like Venus, Mars and Mercury. The pioneer program was another mission which was undertaken to study the planetary bodies and was launched in the year 1978. The Voyager program was another unmanned mission launched by National Aeronautics and Space Administration to study the planetary alignments and different planets. It was designed to study the planets Jupiter and Saturn and their orbits.
There were also manned programs launched by National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Among these was the Space shuttle program launched in 1970’s and 1980’s. The ASTP program was also launched by NASA known as Apollo Soyuz Test Project which took place in 1975 was the last Apollo flight for United States of America. Space Shuttle program was undertaken in the year 1981 in the month of April.